Monday, November 21, 2005
New Orleans in the Spin Cycle
The last few days of the media cycle have not been kind to New Orleans. Locals spent today complaining about the “60 Minutes” report last night that had the city turning into an island surrounded by the Gulf of Mexico in perhaps 80 years. The report did indeed have some problems. It tended to equate the coastal erosion problem with the breach of the levees, two different events. It passed over experts and a National Academy of Sciences report suggesting that the eroding coast could be restored to an extent. But it did highlight a point of view that citizens here thought would never turn up in a reasonable public debate – that the city ought not to be rebuilt, at least not on anything like the same scale.
Take a look at Los Angeles following the early 1990s riots and the efforts to "Restore LA" with prominent business and political leaders involved. Take a look at the 9/11/01 site in Lower Manhattan and the project to rebuild that area also involving prominent business and political leaders. The damages to LA and NYC were not as great as the damages sustained in New Orleans. Restoring New Orleans is a humongous project. If its residents and the State of Louisiana have the will to restore New Orleans (and to what extent), it will require the federal government to make significant commitments in money and priorities. Restoration will take a long time; in the meantime, many residents are homeless or relocated. The federal government and all Americans would have to bring full faith and credit to the job of restoration. As we legal types like to say, time is of the essence, especially with the mass of humanity involved in the Katrina disaster. Those of us fortunate not to have been struck by Katrina should perhaps consider "There but for the grace of nature go I." The sounds of New Orleans will still be heard even if the decision is made not to restore, but will haunt us as a dirge that continues without the hope of resumption of life. Feel guilty?
If the federal government doesn't see that it is its responsibility to rebuild New Orleans than is quite obvious that Louisiana needs to step up to the plate. No federal tax money? Louisiana can easily recoup this money by raising taxes on natural gas and and fruits, vegetables and other imports a that pass through its port and state on their way to feed the rest of the nation. Grain doesn't need the infrastructure of a city to be exported (not likely) it seems a port tax could be levied. And if the rest of the country doesn't like it, well, maybe another New Orleans can be found in... some other state where the Mississippi reaches the gulf
while it would certainly seem to me that the federal government needs to be doing more to rebuild a city i lived in for six years, especially in light of the promises made by the president in a nationally televised speech, the alternative raised by downhome is simply not feasible, unless one can tell me how a tax imposed by louisiana on all goods passed through its port will not run afoul of the interstate commerce clause.
This was a typical 60 Minutes report. They get an idea and dig up supporters. This might be okay when investigating simple crime, but when directed at policy and scientific speculation, it probably isn't the best forum.
What is missing is the simple fact that the lower half of La is nearly under water. In mid summer you can go into the backyard of a Baton Rouge house, far from any water and you get the squish-squash of a water table 1/4 inch below the ground.
They know this, it is a fact of life in that area. They choose to live there; they like it!
The problem is, as always with water, engineering is always going to fail eventually. If you put in levies, silt doesn't settle out correctly. The mouth of the mississippi could easily shift 50 miles towards Texas if left to itself. Dredging a ship channel directly into the heart of NO is moronic as best, and designing drainage channels without a lock system to close them off when needed is extremely short sighted. The mouth of the 17th Street canal was blocked off in a few days as Hurricane Rita approached, so how many homes could have been saved with that one simple change.
NO will be rebuilt. Hopefully the residents will embrace their unique environment and disallow mis-engineered solutions which go more to help industry than the inhabitants of La.
It seems to me that if we are going to say that there are certain circumstances from which we should not build a major U.S. city, then we need to expand the conversation to include all the cities along the San Andreas faultline.Post a Comment
We are told by the best mindsin the field that it is a matter of when, not if, that a horrible earthquake will strike that region.
Are we now laying the precedent fot not rebuilding LA? San Fran?, Seattle? It seems to me that the same rationale applies.
How about if a major hurricane devestates Houston or San Antonio or Dallas, or Miami? These cities and others are certainly in danger of facing such a situation.
What about some other type of nonnuclear disaster? We seem to be at a time when we need to have a policy of when we will, and will not, rebuild a major city. To confine this solely to New Orleans is short-sighted.