Jack Balkin: jackbalkin at yahoo.com
Bruce Ackerman bruce.ackerman at yale.edu
Ian Ayres ian.ayres at yale.edu
Mary Dudziak mary.l.dudziak at emory.edu
Joey Fishkin joey.fishkin at gmail.com
Heather Gerken heather.gerken at yale.edu
Abbe Gluck abbe.gluck at yale.edu
Mark Graber mgraber at law.umaryland.edu
Stephen Griffin sgriffin at tulane.edu
Bernard Harcourt harcourt at uchicago.edu
Scott Horton shorto at law.columbia.edu
Andrew Koppelman akoppelman at law.northwestern.edu
Marty Lederman msl46 at law.georgetown.edu
Sanford Levinson slevinson at law.utexas.edu
David Luban david.luban at gmail.com
Gerard Magliocca gmaglioc at iupui.edu
Jason Mazzone mazzonej at illinois.edu
Linda McClain lmcclain at bu.edu
John Mikhail mikhail at law.georgetown.edu
Frank Pasquale pasquale.frank at gmail.com
Nate Persily npersily at gmail.com
Michael Stokes Paulsen michaelstokespaulsen at gmail.com
Deborah Pearlstein dpearlst at princeton.edu
Rick Pildes rick.pildes at nyu.edu
Richard Primus raprimus at umich.edu
K. Sabeel Rahmansabeel.rahman at brooklaw.edu
Alice Ristroph alice.ristroph at shu.edu
Neil Siegel siegel at law.duke.edu
Brian Tamanaha btamanaha at wulaw.wustl.edu
Mark Tushnet mtushnet at law.harvard.edu
Adam Winkler winkler at ucla.edu
Google Ngram on "Legal Formalism" and "Legal Realism"
When conducting research on legal formalism several years ago, one of my more surprising findings was that the story about the "formalist age" was actually invented in the mid-1970s by leftist critics of legal liberalism. Before discovering this, I had assumed that the story about the formalist age existed since the beginning of the twentieth century, when Roscoe Pound famously complained about “Mechanical Jurisprudence.” This assumption was incorrect.
Although the notion of "legal formalism" has been around for at least two centuries, for most of this history it has been invoked to criticize a judge or judicial opinion as blind or excessively rigid. (There were no self-proclaimed "legal formalists" until the 1990s and 2000s.) As I elaborate in Beyond the Formalist-Realist Divide, legal historians and legal theorists did not widely think of the turn of the century period as the "formalist age" until this image of the time was cemented in the 1970s and 1980s by Grant Gilmore, Morty Horwitz, Duncan Kennedy, and others (building upon and embellishing earlier accounts of "mechanical jurisprudence").
Once this image took hold, "legal formalism" and "legal realism" became paired as antipodal extremes, each defining the other by way of opposition. Although this opposition has come to dominate contemporary views of judging in political science and legal theory, my argument in the book is that both poles are false historically and unsound theoretically.
The above Google Ngram, measuring textual references to "Legal Formalism" and "Legal Realism," lends quantitative support to my account of the relatively recent rise of the formalist-realist antithesis (see uptick from mid-1970s). And their strong correlation since the mid-1970s suggests that they are indeed a conceptual pair. Posted
by Brian Tamanaha [link]
The search yields a different shape when both terms are capitalized. http://ngrams.googlelabs.com/graph?content=legal+formalism%2C+legal+realism%2C+Legal+Formalism%2C+Legal+Realism&year_start=1900&year_end=2008&corpus=0&smoothing=3
Try showing us a graph with dates and labels with only the "orthodox" ALI Restatements I and subsequent Restatements. This might lend some credence to the idea that Legal Formalism is more than an artifact of generalizing historians.
It can tarnish, however it provides the added benefit to get more shiny silver jewelry as compared to metalic jewelry. And keep such bathroom sink faucets a jewellery seeking their ideal, make it by being in the water as well as men cashmere sweater keep the idea in a tiny, made plastic-type case in the event it isn't really remaining utilized.
You mention the idea of "bitcoin" are your familiar with the idea of local currencies? I was involved with Buffalo Hours, which was based on Ithaca Hours. You may want to check out You Tube Videos of E.F. Schumacher.cheap prom dresses