Tuesday, December 25, 2012
Interpreting the Venezuelan Constitution re Inauguration Requirements
An article in a newspaper in Venezuela today, there seems to be saying the Colombia president has offered support to the vice president of Venezuela to assure there is another term, whether Chävez personally takes the oath or the vice president does so.
For some reason, I compared the unusual circumstance in Venezuela, where the current incapacity of Chävez is part of a series of hospitilizations which have lasted 1-1/2 years already; with another glimpse of how legal incapacity is managed in law in the US: namely, the US depart6ment of justics's replacement leadership's disagreement with the white house in 2004 regarding legitimacy of a surveillance program whose authorization was expiring. The attorney general still remained in Recovery after surgery, while the white house lawyers tried to obtain a signature from the attorney generaly who had not emerged fully from sedation.
The Venezuelan Constitution also contains a requirement at, if the President-elect cannot take office on January 10th, elections must be held within thirty days. Since the Vice President, Maduro, was named, without any confirmation, by Chavez only AFTER the last elections, Maduro has no democratic mandate whatsoever.
Venezuelans who prefer that their elected officials be actually elected must insist that Maduro not be left to exercise e powers of an office he has no mandate to occupy.
"But no rational person would say that because he wasn't in Washington on Inauguration Day, that caused any problems"
Perhaps I'm missing something, but as the 20th Amendment doesn't mention anything about where or to whom the oath must be taken I don't see how this, or the hypothetical situation described in the sentences preceding it, is problematic in the least.
The Venezuelan situation is an interesting one as it does seem to require the oath be taken before certain people. I wonder, does 'before' have to mean 'in the physical presence of?' Could the oath be taken via phone or video conference (Skype?) 'before' the legislature or tribunal? And I wonder, if this were being adjudicated by Scalia would he insist that before meant actual physical presence? Interesting.
I also want to say how much I enjoy Professor Levinson's perspective. We've all come across some part of the Constitution that seemed to us as unwise, but most experts feel the need to try to conjure up a defense of these provisions. We need someone who can stand up and say 'that's just silly' even about such revered documents. The Founders were fallible folks, it's good to always remember that.
Also worth noting is Article 233, which says the following:
The President of the Republic shall become permanently unavailable to serve by reason of any of the following events: death; resignation; removal from office by decision of the Supreme Tribunal of Justice; permanent physical or mental disability certified by a medical board designated by the Supreme Tribunal of Justice with the approval of the National Assembly; abandonment of his position, duly declared by the National Assembly; and recall by popular vote.
When an elected President becomes permanently unavailable to serve prior to his inauguration, a new election by universal suffrage and direct ballot shall be held within 30 consecutive days. ...
And then Article 234:
A President of the Republic who becomes temporarily unavailable to serve shall be replaced by the Executive Vice-President for a period of up to 90 days, which may be extended by resolution of the National Assembly for an additional 90 days. ...
All taken together, there's a good argument the list in Art. 233 is exhaustive, and while the National Assembly has the option to term the President's absence for the oath "abandonment of office," that's rather unlikely in this case since the Assembly is safely chavista (due in large part to gerrymandering). Notably, the process or criteria for declaring "abandonment of office" aren't spelled out constitutionally--it takes 3/5 of all deputies to censure a minister or the vice-president, but nothing anywhere about "abandonment."
"“The candidate elected shall take office as President of the Republic on January 10 of the first year of his constitutional term, by taking an oath before the National Assembly."
Seems pretty unambiguous to me: Taking the oath is HOW the candidate takes office. If they don't do it, they haven't taken office.
Yes, some people dismiss oaths as meaningless formalities. This seems to be based on the assumption that they carry no force, because they're only taken by shameless liars who don't feel bound to keep their word.
Hm, based on recent US history, I'd have a hard time arguing with this.
Hm, based on recent US history, I'd have a hard time arguing with this.
# posted by Brett : 7:03 AM
Because people only started lying recently?
Oaths of office, pledges of allegiance, national anthems and moments of silence are the last remaining vestiges of our vanishing superstitions and religions.
Well it is important and this actually isn’t a bad development. It just ensures the opposition will have the time to regroup for an electoral campaign and that the new election will be held during an acute economic crisis.
I agree with you and this actually isn’t a bad development. It just ensures the opposition will have the time to regroup for an electoral campaign and that the new election will be held during an acute economic crisis.view it
HD kaliteli porno izle ve boşal.
Bayan porno izleme sitesi.
Bedava ve ücretsiz porno izle size gelsin.
Liseli kızların ve Türbanlı ateşli hatunların sikiş filmlerini izle.
Siyah karanlık odada porno yapan evli çift.
harika Duvar Kağıtları bunlar
tamamen ithal duvar kağıdı olanlar var
When an elected President becomes permanently unavailable to serve prior to his inauguration, a new election by universal suffrage and direct ballot shall be held within 30 consecutive days. ... LOL代练 lol boosting Cheap Fifa 15 Coins Cheap lol elo boost
thông báo thanh toán Hateco Hoàng Mai rộng 17,6ha | Chi tiết Chung cư 99 Trần Bình | Xây dựng theo tiến độ Chung cư Hanoi Paragon | Vị trí đăc địa của Dự án Vinhomes Mễ Trì | Thông tin Vinhomes Mỹ Đình của tập đoàn Vingroup | Xây dựng theo đúng cam kết Dự án Vinhomes Gardenia Cầu Diễn | Vị trí gần các khu vực trọng điểm của Dự án Vinhomes Gardenia Mỹ Đình | tòa nhà đẹp nhất tại Chung cư The Vesta Hà đông | cho thuê mặt bằng Mua Chung cư Modern Interior | Vị trí đẹp nhất của dự án Oriental Plaza 16 Láng Hạ | Xây dựng với đơn vị thi công uy tín Chung cu Ngoai Giao Doan tây hồ | Thiết kế cực sang trọng Biệt thự 378 Minh Khai minh khai | thiết kế theo kiến trúc cổ Goldmark City hồ tùng mậu | Thiết kế hiện đại Chung cư Gold season nguyễn tuân | Xây dựng Smart City nguyễn trãi | Vị trí Chung cư Ecolife lê văn lương | Xây dựng Vinhome Phạm Hùng Cầu giấy | Thiết kế mới nhất hiện nay của HDI Sunrise lê văn lương | Vị trí đắc địa của Chung cư Packexim 2 tại hồ tây | Xây dựng công trình nhà ở Dự án Chung cư CT15 Việt Hưng thực sự đẹp | Vị trí mới của Dự án Chung cư CT19 Việt Hưng tại Long Biên | Thiết kế siêu sang của Biệt thự Liền kề The Manor Central Park Nguyễn Xiển | Xây dựng dự án Hải Đăng Mon City tại mỹ đình | Tiện ích cao cấp Chung cư 360 Giải Phóng Giải phóng | Vị trí giá trị nhất của Petrowaco 97 99 Láng Hạ Thanh xuân | Thiết kế bởi đơn vị hàng đầu của HPC Landmark 105 | Xây dựng mới nhất Hanoi Landmark được khách hàng quan tâm mạnh | bổ sung vào bảng hàng Eco Spring tại nguyễn xiển | Vị trí vàng Hacinco Complex Lê văn Lương hà đông | Xây dựng theo tốc độ siêu khủng Athena Complex | Thiết kế mới nhất Liền kề Green Bay Villa | Vị trí trung tâm của The Botanica
mức đào tạo The Arcadia | Thiết kế căn hộ tại Biệt thự Liền kề Vinhomes Mễ Trì thực sự đẹp | Vị trí quá đẹp của Chung cư 259 Yên Hòa Condominium | Vị trí đắc địa nhất tại Chung cư Vinhomes Phạm Hùng đẹp nhất quận từ liêm | Thiết kế của dự án Chung cu 60b Nguyen Huy Tuong quận thanh xuân |Post a Comment